The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is located in the Banjaar sub-division of Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh, India, in the far western Himalaya.
Initially constituted in 1984, and formally notified as a national park in 1999, GHNP is a relatively recent addition to a network of protected areas in northern India and adjacent countries which increasingly provide protection to the Himalaya.
The Himalaya as a whole is listed as one of Conservation International’s 34 major biodiversity hotspots. The Himalaya Hotspot contains not only the world’s highest mountains and associated alpine ecosystems but also large expanses of lower-elevation temperate and subtropical forests and grasslands. It spans 3,000km east to west, and 300km to 500km north to south.
Hotspots are defined by various criteria, including the presence of high percentages of endemic plants and animals, and high biodiversity. GHNP easily fulfills these criteria, and is home to 832 & 386 number of floral and faunal species, respectively, which includes the rarest Himalayan blue poppy, the western tragopan and the Himalayan tahr.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has listed parts of the Himalaya in its Global 200 analysis of critical ecosystems (since 2001), and GHNP is within one of them.