HP Forest Department receives a number of representations from various channels including farmers, panchayats, e-samadhan, District Grievances Committees, Kisan sangathans etc. that monkeys constantly raid their agricultural crops and cause lot of damage to the same and are posing substantial losses to them besides causing threat to their life at times. They have attained the status of a pest (undeclared) to the agriculture fields and Human habitations, mainly the urban dwellings are occupied by monkeys as a consequence of availability of ample left over human food which is easily accessible from the garbage bins, resulting into increased interaction leading to menace in the form of attacks, damage to crops etc. The farmers are also facing a threat to their livelihood in agricultural landscapes due to damage being caused to their crops.

Himachal was a pioneer state and had adopted techniques of monkey sterilization after intensive research and exploring all possible options. Sterilization is being done as per international standards and techniques adopted in Hong Kong. After initial success of monkey sterilization campaign, the government had opened four monkey sterilization Centers at Tutikandi, Gopalpur, Sastar and Boul. At present there are, 8 State of the art Monkey Sterilization Centres (MSCs) namely Tutikandi (Shimla), Sastar (Hamirpur), Gopalpur (Kangra), Boul (Una), Paontasahib (Sirmour), Sarol (Chamba), Salappar (Mandi), Ispur (Una) are operational in the State. The Department has a veterinary doctor in each MSC on deputation from Animal Husbandry Department. It’s a widely accepted programme with low mortality ~ 0.005%

The sterilizations in males are done through thermo-cauteric coagulative vasectomy and in females through endoscopic thermo-cauteric tubectomy.

SURGICAL PROCEDURE

• Endoscopic thermo-cauteric tubectomy is performed on females
• Males are sterilized by thermo-cauteric coagulative vasectomy.

Monkey Sterilization Statistics

Name of Sterilization Centre Date of Opening / establishment Monkey Sterilized up to 31.3.2017 Monkey Sterilized during the period 01.04.2017 to 31.03.2018

(YEAR 2017-18)

Grand Total
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
Tutikandi (Shimla) 16.2.2007 12999 13692 26691 655 539 1194 13654 14231 27885
Saster (Hamirpur) 16.3.2009 17331 16956 34287 1258 1052 2310 18589 18008 36597
Gopalpur (Kangra) 26.6.2009 12357 11702 24059 1623 1459 3082 13980 13161 27141
Boul(Una) 31.3.2011 11574 9775 21349 1909 1409 3318 13483 11184 24667
Sarol (Chamba) 03.08.2013 2881 2495 5376 702 491 1193 3583 2986 6569
Salapar (Mandi) 12.08.2013 3130 2835 5965 1560 1558 3118 4690 4393 9083
Paonta Sahib

(Sirmour)

06.11.2013 3879 3546 7425 619 474 1093 4498 4020 8518
Ispur (Una) 26.06.2015 72 42 114 13 10 23 85 52 137
Mobile Monkey Sterilization Unit 0 0 0 28 18 46 28 18 46
Total 64223 61043 125266 8367 7010 15377 72590 68053 140643

As a result of the constant efforts put in by the Forest Department of HP, now the numbers of Rhesus macaques have started dwindling. The comparative figures of all 3 macaque estimations are as follows:

Year 2004 2013 2015
Population 317512 226086 207614

To encourage monkey catchers, the state pays an incentive of Rs 750 per monkey trapped. The impact of monkey sterilization programme in stabilizing the monkey population is now visible in many pockets of the State. The full impact of sterilization on monkey population shall be discernible in future when sterilization of considerable monkey population shall be achieved at the current pace of sterilization.