HP Forest Department receives a number of representations from various channels including farmers, panchayats, e-samadhan, District Grievances Committees, Kisan sangathans etc. that monkeys constantly raid their agricultural crops and cause lot of damage to the same and are posing substantial losses to them besides causing threat to their life at times. They have attained the status of a pest (undeclared) to the agriculture fields and Human habitations, mainly the urban dwellings are occupied by monkeys as a consequence of availability of ample left over human food which is easily accessible from the garbage bins, resulting into increased interaction leading to menace in the form of attacks, damage to crops etc. The farmers are also facing a threat to their livelihood in agricultural landscapes due to damage being caused to their crops.
Himachal was a pioneer state and had adopted techniques of monkey sterilization after intensive research and exploring all possible options. Sterilization is being done as per international standards and techniques adopted in Hong Kong. After initial success of monkey sterilization campaign, the government had opened four monkey sterilization Centers at Tutikandi, Gopalpur, Sastar and Boul. At present there are, 8 State of the art Monkey Sterilization Centres (MSCs) namely Tutikandi (Shimla), Sastar (Hamirpur), Gopalpur (Kangra), Boul (Una), Paontasahib (Sirmour), Sarol (Chamba), Salappar (Mandi), Ispur (Una) are operational in the State. The Department has a veterinary doctor in each MSC on deputation from Animal Husbandry Department. It’s a widely accepted programme with low mortality ~ 0.005%
The sterilizations in males are done through thermo-cauteric coagulative vasectomy and in females through endoscopic thermo-cauteric tubectomy.